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Kamal Kornilov
Kamal Kornilov

1959 [WORK]



During the middle and late 1950's, the labor movement was under intense Congressional scrutiny for corruption, racketeering, and other misconduct. By 1959, Congress concluded that further reforms were needed to address gaps in both the Wagner Act and the Taft-Hartley Act. In the fall of 1959, President Dwight Eisenhower signed into law the new Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act (Landrum- Griffin Act) that amended Taft-Hartley so that:




1959



Located in the historical records of the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate at the Center for Legislative Archives are many documents that illustrate the important role of stakeholders, indigenous people and Congress in the statehood process. Here is a small sampling of the many congressional records that highlight Hawaii's long and often challenged path to statehood. On August 21, 1959 Hawaii became the 50th state.


After launch at 6:39:42 UT on 12 September 1959 and attainment of escape velocity, Luna 2 separated from its third stage, which travelled along with it towards the Moon. On 12 September at 18:42:42 UT the spacecraft released a bright orange cloud of sodium gas which aided in spacecraft tracking and acted as an experiment on the behavior of gas in space. On 14 September at 21:02:23 UT (1:02:23 a.m. September 15 Moscow Summer Time) radio signals from Luna 2 abruptly ceased, indicating it had impacted on the Moon, making it the first spacecraft to contact another solar system body. The impact point, in the Palus Putredinus region, is very roughly estimated to have occurred at 0 degrees longitude, 29.1 degrees N latitude, most estimates give it as within the range 29 to 31 N, 1 W to 1 E. Some 30 minutes after Luna 2, the third stage of its rocket also impacted the Moon at an unknown location. The mission confirmed that the Moon had no appreciable magnetic field, and found no evidence of radiation belts at the Moon.


Evidence Life expectancy data for 1959-2016 and cause-specific mortality rates for 1999-2017 were obtained from the US Mortality Database and CDC WONDER, respectively. The analysis focused on midlife deaths (ages 25-64 years), stratified by sex, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and geography (including the 50 states). Published research from January 1990 through August 2019 that examined relevant mortality trends and potential contributory factors was examined.


1959 the unemployment problems eased to 5.5%. Television programmes included "Rawhide", "Bonanza" and "The Twilight Zone", movies included "Some Like it Hot", "Ben Hur" and "North by Northwest". Alaska is admitted to the union and becomes the 49th state and Hawaii is admitted to the the Union and became the 50th State. The Boeing 707 Jet Airliner comes into service and little girls love the Barbie Dolls created by Ruth Handler and made by Mattel. Fidel Castro comes to power in Cuba.


ON AUGUST 6, 1959, THE ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE REQUESTED OUR DECISION WHETHER IN THE CIRCUMSTANCES SET FORTH BELOW PAYMENT OF $12 PER DAY MAY BE MADE TO AN EMPLOYEE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE WHILE ATTENDING A TRAINING COURSE IN THE SAME LOCALITY AS HIS HEADQUARTERS.


IT IS PROPOSED THAT AN EMPLOYEE WHOSE OFFICIAL STATION IS IN BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA, BE ASSIGNED TO TAKE THE COURSE DURING THE PERIOD AUGUST 19 TO AUGUST 28, 1959, AND THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PAY THE NECESSARY EXPENSES. THE DOUBT IN THE MATTER ARISES BECAUSE THE TRAINING WILL TAKE PLACE AT THE EMPLOYEE'S DESIGNATED POST OF DUTY AND PER DIEM ALLOWANCE IN LIEU OF SUBSISTENCE MAY NOT PROPERLY BE AUTHORIZED SINCE THE EMPLOYEE WOULD NOT BE IN A TRAVEL STATUS.


Deviations in sex chromosome number were also identified in 1959. For example, Turner syndrome results from having a single X chromosome and no second sex chromosome, while the relatively mild symptoms of Klinefelter syndrome occur in males who have an extra X chromosome (an XXY karyotype).


The U.S. Army deployed nuclear-capable Honest John missiles in Turkey from 1959 until the early 1990s. This photo shows members of the 1st Battalion, 20th Field Artillery Regiment, preparing to fire a missile at Yakima Washington Firing Center during 1967. (Still Picture Division, National Archives, RG 111-CCS, box 69).


In 1959 the citizens of Oklahoma voted to end the prohibition against selling wholesale and retail packaged alcoholic beverages. Prohibition had been enacted with statehood in 1907. For half a century a flourishing bootleg business had proliferated throughout the state while anti-prohibitionists launched numerous campaigns to make Oklahoma go "wet." As in the rest of the nation, the Woman's Christian Temperance Union and affiliates held sway and kept the state "dry." The Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which had brought about national prohibition in 1919, was repealed in 1933 with the Twenty-first Amendment, but Oklahoma continued to prohibit the sale of intoxicants.


On January 5, 1959, both houses of the legislature heard appeal resolutions that would set up a special election. On April 7, 1959, Oklahomans went to their polling places and voted 396,845 to 314,380 to allow the sale of packaged liquors. On May 14 the House passed the Liquor Control Bill, and on June 17 the Senate passed the House bill with amendments, which the House approved on June 23. Governor Edmondson signed the Liquor Control Act into law on June 23.


Without a code of regulations a law has no teeth; the Liquor Control Act of 1959 set up a commission to write and issue regulations for wholesale and retail outlets to follow when buying and selling their products. The Alcoholic Beverage Laws Enforcement Commission (known as the ABLE Commission) issued licenses and enforced the regulations for liquor sales and stores. Between July 1 and September 1, 1959, the commission approved 473 licenses for package sales in retail stores. At 10 a.m. on the morning of September 1, liquor stores opened their doors as legal businesses for the first time since 1907. As noted by historian Jimmie Franklin, "An entire era in Oklahoma's social and political life had been ushered out, and a new business ushered in." Subsequent legislation in 1984 allowed liquor-by-the-drink county option, and in 2018 the last of Oklahoma's "dry" counties voted to allow the sale of liquor by the drink. In 2016 the parameters of grocery store and liquor store sales were expanded by legislation, and after October 1, 2018, groceries were allowed to sell full-strength beer and wine.


Now, Therefore, I, Dwight D. Eisenhower, President of the United States of America, in consonance with the joint resolution of the Congress approved December 26, 1941, 55 Stat. 862 (5 U.S.C. 87b), designating the fourth Thursday of November in each year as Thanksgiving Day, do hereby proclaim Thursday, November 26, 1959, as a day of national thanksgiving. On that day let us gather in sanctuaries dedicated to worship and in homes devoted to family sharing and community service to express our gratitude for the inestimable blessings of God; and let us earnestly pray that He continue to guide and sustain us in the great unfinished task of achieving peace among men and nations.


Men born from March 29, 1957 through December 31, 1959, were not required to register with the Selective Service System because the registration program was suspended when they would have reached age 18. The requirement to register with Selective Service was reinstated in 1980, but only for men born January 1, 1960, or later.


The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (formerly known as the Workforce Investment Act), offers programs that can train young men for jobs in auto mechanics and other skills. This program is only open to those men who register with Selective Service. Only men born after December 31, 1959, are required to show proof of registration.


A man must be registered to be eligible for jobs in the Executive Branch of the Federal government and the U.S. Postal Service. Proof of registration is required only for men born after December 31, 1959. 041b061a72


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